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Glossary of biodynamic, anthroposophical and related terms (in progress)
Akashic Records A theosophical term referring to an universal filing system which records every occurring thought, word, and action. The records are impressed on a subtle substance called akasha (or Soniferous Ether). In Hindu mysticism this akasha is thought to be the primary principle of nature from which the other four natural principles, fire, air, earth, and water, are created. These five principles also represent the five senses of the human being. Some indicate the akashic records are similar to a Cosmic or collective consciousness. The records have been referred to by different names including the Cosmic Mind, the Universal Mind, the collective unconscious, or the collective subconscious. Others think the akashic records make clairvoyance and psychic perception possible. It is believed by some that the events recorded upon that akasha can be ascertained or read in certain states of consciousness. Such states of consciousness can be induced by certain stages of sleep, weakness, illness, drugs, and meditation so not only mystics but ordinary people can and do perceive the akashic records. Some mystics claim to be able to reanimate their contents like they were turning on a celestial television set. Yogis also believe that these records can be perceived in certain psychic states. Certain persons in subconscious states do read the akashic records. An explanation for this phenomena is that the akashic records are the macrocosm of the individual subconscious mind. Both function similarly, they possess thoughts which are never forgotten. The collective subconscious gathers all thoughts from each subconscious mind which can be read by other subconscious minds. An example of one who many claimed successfully read the akashic records is the late American mystic Edgar Cayce. Cayce did his readings in a sleep state or trance. Cayce's method was described by Dr. Wesley H. Ketchum who for several years used Cayce as an adjunct for his medical practice. "Cayce's subconscious...is in direct communication with all other subconscious minds, and is capable of interpreting through his objective mind and imparting impressions received to other objective minds, gathering in this way all knowledge possessed by endless millions of other subconscious minds." Apparently Cayce was interpreting the collective subconscious mind long before the psychiatrist C.J. Jung postulated his concept of the collective unconscious. A.G.H.
Anthroposophy The revelation of the objective reality and a creative spiritual world which informs our physical, material one, and the explanation of the origin and destiny of the human being and all that flows from it.
Accordingly the universe is expressed in and discoverable through an understanding of the real nature of humans. 
The name “Anthroposophy” can be understood in three different ways: 
1. The exact scientific methodology of research into the spiritual world established by Rudolf Steiner. 
2. The result of this research is "spiritual science” or “science of the spirit”. This forms the necessary continuity and complements natural science. It consists of a knowledge of the super sensible constitution of humans, of spiritual beings in nature and the cosmos, and also a deeper extension of history by a reading of the akashic record. 
3. Results come from the application of Spiritual Science in practical life and put into practice in education, medicine, pharmacy, agriculture, art and science, religion, economics, as well as diverse activities as jewellery making and beekeeping. 
Steiner offered his own definition of “Anthroposophy” to the Encyclopaedia Britannica: “Anthroposophy is a path of knowledge leading the Spirit in Man to the Spirit in the Universe.”
Anthroposophy is squarely based on the actual knowledge of the spiritual world that Rudolf Steiner acquired and perfected through the conscious development of those higher faculties that, according to him, slumber within every human being. 
Astral Relating to unknown forces; of, concerning, emanating from, or resembling the stars; stellar; belonging to the stars; starry
BD Preparations Are developed to help moderate and regulate biological processes as well as enhance and strengthen the life forces on the farm. Steiner came up with nine preparations for the purpose of enhancing soil quality and stimulating plant life. They consist of mineral, plant, or animal extracts, some are aged or fermented and applied in small proportions to compost piles, soil, or directly onto plants. An example of a homeopathic remedy for fungal diseases in plants is preparation 508, which is prepared from silica-rich horsetail plant (Equisetum arvense). This is one of many examples of biodynamic herbal preparations which replace toxic synthetic chemicals.
Biodynamic 1. Relating to the study of the effects of dynamic processes, such as motion or acceleration, on living organisms. 2. Relating to a system of organic crop cultivation: biodynamic farming. See Seven Biodynamic Considerations
Capillary Dynamolysis In the early 1920's, Lilly Kolisko working upon a suggestion made by Rudolf Steiner, the founder of Anthroposophy, devised a method for experimentally investigating the workings of the etheric forces in material substance. She called this technique 'Capillary Dynamolysis' and continued to investigate and refine the method until she died in 1976. She applied it particularly to researching the etheric forces working in the domain of agriculture, testing various composting methods, and using it to investigate the disease processes in plants, animals and man, that are the result of etheric imbalance. Later in an amazing series of experiments, she was able to show directly the influence of the planets on substance, particularly revealed at critical conjunctions, oppositions and eclipses. (Adam McLean) Link
Compost Decaying plant material which is added to earth to improve its quality. - A mixture for fertilizing land; esp., a composition of various substances thoroughly mingled and decomposed, as in a compost heap. - 
Composting is the transformation of organic material (plant matter) through decomposition into a soil-like material called compost. Invertebrates (insects and earthworms), and micro-organisms (bacteria and fungi) help in transforming the material into compost. Composting is a natural form of recycling, which continually occurs in nature. Good compost resource site
Compost - esoteric Primarily compost consists of decaying plants and animals. In this matter the 'physical, ethereal and astral' aspects are declining and dispersing. The biodynamic composting methods are directed to capture these subtleties before they disappear and form them into a physical entity rich in ethereal and astral principles, ready to receive and promote the seed. The preparations 502 - 507 aid this process.
Cosmic rhythms The movement and presence of the Sun, Moon, Planets and stars contributes to the life, growth and form of the plant. The movement or rhythm of each cosmic force can be incorporated in the timing of ground preparation, sowing, cultivation and harvest of a crop.
Chromatography Chromatography refers to a range of physical methods used to separate and analyse complex mixtures. It involves a separation of components into two phases: stationary and mobile. Biodynamic farmers use this process to test preparation, soil and produce for vitality. The 'chroma test' was popularised by Ehrenfried Pfeiffer (1899 - 1961).
Epistemology Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that studies knowledge. It attempts to answer the basic question: what distinguishes true (adequate) knowledge from false (inadequate) knowledge? Practically, this questions translates into issues of scientific methodology: how can one develop theories or models that are better than competing theories? It also forms one of the pillars of the new sciences of cognition, which developed from the information processing approach to psychology, and from artificial intelligence, as an attempt to develop computer programs that mimic a human's capacity to use knowledge in an intelligent way.
Ether The clear sky; the upper air, or the airwaves; outer space. A thin, subtle matter, much finer and rarer than air, which, some philosophers suppose, begins from the limits of the atmosphere and occupies the heavenly space. The element believed in ancient and medieval civilizations to fill all space above the sphere of the moon and to compose the stars and planets. An all-pervading, infinitely elastic, mass less medium formerly postulated as the medium of propagation of electromagnetic waves. The fifth and highest element after air and earth and fire and water; was believed to be the substance composing all heavenly bodies. 
Ethereal Light and delicate; of or relating to the regions beyond the earth; lacking material substance; marked by unusual delicacy or refinement; highly refined; consisting of ether or spirit
Etheric Belonging to the heavenly regions, rarefied, sublime.
Homeopathy From Greek words: homeo (similar) and pathos (suffering). A medical system based on the use of minute quantities of remedies that in massive doses would produce effects similar to those of the disease being treated. First practiced by German physician Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843) who was inspired by the theory of 'like cures like'. Homoeopathic medicines are ultramolecular, they are diluted (see: potentized) to such a degree that not even a single molecule of the original solute is likely to be present. As drug actions are conventionally understood in biochemical terms, homoeopathy presents an enormous intellectual challenge, if not a complete impasse. Many scientists have suggested that the clinical effects of homoeopathic medicines are solely due to the placebo effect. However, there have been rigorous, replicated, double blind, randomised trials showing significant differences between homoeopathic and placebo tablets. 
Kolisko, Lilly & Eugene Wrote a classic book called ‘Agriculture Tomorrow’, which covers a lot of research on biodynamics. She researches the effect of moon phases on plant growth and she investigates concepts like potentisation. Basically the research gives some scientific validity to some of Steiner’s claims. The book contains research reports from 16 years of field and laboratory work. Research detailed in the book includes: the moon and plant growth; the forces of crystallization in nature; planetary influences on plants; homeopathy in agriculture; experiments with animals to study the influence of homeopathic quantities; capillary dynamolysis; research on the biodynamic preparations. Link
Kolisko Effect Lilly Kolisko's work links together the planets and their metals, Heaven and Earth. The meetings of the planets were recorded by chemical process. She employed the age-old alchemical notion of specific correspondences whereby a particular metal 'belonged' to a planet; and got it to work by a chemical procedure using the metallic reagents in solution. The metals traced pictures on the papers, pictures having form. That form, typically, faded away during the celestial event, then came back afterwards. Thus the experiments told her when and for how long the celestial influence worked. Link
Physical Relating to things you can see or touch, or relating to the laws of nature. Pertaining to nature or natural productions, or to material things, as opposed to things moral or imaginary. 1 of the body. 2 of matter. 3 of nature or according to its laws. 4 of physics. 
Potentisation Homeopathic method of preparing medicines invented by Hahnemann. The medicines are alternatively diluted and vigorously shaken. The progression is as follows: From a raw material, a plant for example, a mother-tincture in alcohol is prepared. From this tincture one drop is taken and mixed with 9 drops of alcohol (to achieve a ratio of 1:10) or 99 drops of alcohol (to get a ratio of 1:100); next this dilution is strongly shaken 100 times. This is called a D1 potency (1:10) or a C1 potency (1:100). One drop of the D1 or C1 mixture is added to 9 or 99 drops of alcohol, again vigorously shaken. This is a D2 or C2 potency. The process can be repeated endlessly. The higher a remedy is potentized the more it leaves the material plane and returns to its original state of energy. Through the repeated shaking, known as succussion, the amount of energy is raised. The mechanism behind this is not clear; yet it appears that higher potentized remedies work stronger and last longer than the lower potencies. The classical homoeopath mostly works with the potencies C30, C200, M(C1000), 10M and 50M. 
Planets - metals Saturn: Lead -- 'Heavy' energy. Power that needs purification, survival work, fight or flight response.
Jupiter: Tin -- Malleable metal. Blending, flowing, balancing energy. 
Mars: Iron -- Strong and martial, warrior energy, protecting.
Venus: Copper -- Dynamic and volatile, sensuality/sexuality. 
Mercury:  Quicksilver Orbits closest to the sun, a gas that rises and falls. Mediator and messenger.
Moon: Silver -- There are many moons that orbit the planets. This priest/ess energy nurtures the circle and facilitates growth on personal levels for the participants.
Sun: Gold -- Attainment. Wisdom. Self-realization. Often seen in the elders as they guide the energy of the circle.
Morphology Rudolf Steiner made a very interesting observation when looking at medicinal plants. He found that plants that can heal also can have an abnormality in their physiology. The scientific term for this is morphology. In an ideal plant we would see a harmony of parts - roots, leaves, flowers - just as in a healthy person the three systems are in harmony. When we are sick there is an imbalance of these systems and similarly in our healing plants there is an imbalance also. 
Sidereal Containing stars; starry; as sidereal regions. Sidereal year, in astronomy, the period in which the fixed stars apparently complete a revolution and come to the same point in the heavens. of or calculated by the stars. Time based on the movement of the Earth in relation to the stars.
Soil Fertility According to the Steiner view, ideal soil is saturated with physical, ethereal and astral qualities. This truly enriched and fertile soil 'seeks' for expression and 'longs' to become plant. The seed sown into this type of soil makes use of this potentiality to good result. Biodynamic efforts are directed to preparing the soil to a point where it want to 'become plant'. 
Spiritual Relating to deep feelings and beliefs, especially religious beliefs. The quality of being concerned with deep, often religious, feelings and beliefs, rather than with the physical parts of life. Pertaining to divine things. Not gross; refined from external things; not sensual; relative to mind only; as a spiritual and refined religion. Of, relating to, consisting of, or having the nature of spirit; not tangible or material.
Spiritual Archetypes Steiner describes the dynamic qualities of Spiritual Archetypes: 
"In the spiritual world all is in perpetual mobile activity in the process of ceaseless creating. A state of rest....does not exist here because the archetypes are creative beings. They are the master builders of all that comes into being in the physical and soul worlds...[Theosophy, pp.102-3]
The Spiritual Archetypes move through a series of seven refining stages from 'physical reality' to 'Cosmic Reality'. These principles seem to be similar to the Chakra System.